In 1976, a joint effort by Clay County and the City of Vermillion selected and developed a landfill site on the Bluff Road four miles north of Vermillion. In 1991 / 1992, this site was officially closed and a new expansion site was opened directly to the east of the first site.
The new expansion site, engineered under Sub-title D federal / state regulations was and is approved by the South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). The construction and operation of the current landfill site meets State of South Dakota rules and regulations as accepted for state primacy by federal EPA. The SD Department of Environment and Natural Resources inspects the site annually. The landfill is expected to provide solid waste disposal until approximately 2080.
The landfill utilizes baling which is helps to contain blowing debris, allows for additional load inspection, and helps to create a safer landfill.